Industrial design style has a connection with the second industrial revolution which started in the late 19th century and continued till the early 20th century. During this time, there was an economic & productivity boom and urbanization increased all of a sudden. In England & Wales, the population living in cities jumped from 17% in 1801 to 72% in 1891. As people shifted from rural areas to the cities, some industrial buildings were converted into residential spaces.
Designers took inspiration from these spaces and started using their few elements in interior design during the late 2000s. Hence industrial design style came into existence.
Here are few features which make it stand out from the rest of the design styles:
The Space has an open floor plan and a high ceiling with large metal-framed windows. The architectural details are celebrated and new features are used in such a manner that it matches with the existing ones.
The walls are exposed bricks, the flooring is concrete or wooden, pipes and ducts on the ceiling are not concealed. So you will get an unfinished feel from every element whether they are walls, floor, ceiling, furniture or even art.
Furniture is generally made of wood, stone or metals (like aluminum, iron, steel, tin) and final finishes are generally given with copper. leather is the most commonly used as soft furnishing. As the floor plan is open, furniture divides the space into different zones, for instance: a sectional sofa separates the living area from the dining area.
Unexpected materials like shipping containers, iron chains, wooden crates, oil barrels, etc. are used. The use of these recycled materials not only makes it eye-catching but also environmentally friendly.
Natural & neutral colour palettes (blacks, whites & greys) run throughout and a few furniture items or accessories with accent colours lighten up the interior.
Edison bulbs are used as a key feature for lighting. Apart from these, one can witness big metal industrial lights hanging with iron chains from the ceiling which gives a warehouse-like feeling.
As for accessories, one can only find black and white abstract art, an industrial floor lamp, a metallic wall clock and some antique items and planters which bring softness and freshness.
Overall this design style is perceived as masculine, bold and most importantly utilitarian. Like minimalist design style, there is no scope of extra and functionality comes before aesthetics. It is considered more suitable for restaurants, pubs, offices, artist studios and gyms, but I think it is perfect for a bachelor or a bachelorette’s apartment, who is wild and free-spirited with an interest in the mechanism of things around him/her.