Wardrobes are made of a number of materials and finishes. You should be aware of all these, before you purchase or customise wardrobes; because these finishes and materials impact the costing as well as durability.
1. MDF (medium density fibreboard):
MDF boards are made out of waste wood. These are used to make furniture, flooring and wall panels. Thickness of MDF boards varies from 2mm to 25mm. The only disadvantage is that it loses strength when it comes in contact with water. So if there is a problem of dampness in space, one should avoid MDF.
Plywood is made out of timbre. Big logs are peeled into veneers, further these veneers are placed in horizontal and vertical position one by one while using adhesive and pressed in higher temperature, hence the plywood sheets are produced. Thickness of these sheets is 5mm to 25mm. These are stronger than MDF boards and can take a load of heavy hardware but plywood is expensive in comparison to MDF.
3. HDF (high density fibreboard)
HDF boards are made with the same process as that of MDF. But HDF boards are more dense and stronger than MDF. Screw holding capacity is also more of these boards than MDF. Thickness vary from 3 to 5.5 mm.
4. Particle board
Particle boards are engineered wood. Wood chips, sawdust and wood shavings and glue are mixed and this mixture is firmly compressed by pressing under heat & pressure to form these boards. These boards are less dense, stronger and durable than other materials. However these boards have more capacity to hold screws. The thickness is 9mm to 25mm.
5. Solid Wood
Solid wood is lumber (timber) which is processed into beams and planks. This is more durable than the rest. That is why this is expensive as well. There are different types of solid wood like: Ash, Beech, Cherry, Maple, Oak, Pine, walnut etc.
Wardrobes are available in steel and Iron as well. Mostly these are non customized. As these are movable, these can be shifted from one place to another.
These sheets are made of 2-3 layers of materials laminated with formaldehyde. It provides a better surface finish and attractive look to the wardrobes. End number of options are available for laminates, in terms of variety and price range.
These are very thin sheets made out of wood, which are glued on the surface of plywood, MDF, or hard wood to give a perfect wooden look. Like laminates, there are a lot of options available in veneer.
3. PVC foil
It is made of plastic and available in different colours and patterns. This is a very cheaper option to give your wardrobe a fresh look. It is mostly used on particle boards and MDF to provide surface finishing.
4. Lacquer or polyurethane paint
Polyurethane can be applied to the surface of wood, metal and plastic. This offers excellent UV resistance and high gloss to the wardrobes and its budget friendly.
Mirrors are used on wardrobe surfaces by designers to make these seamless and look the space bigger. If the bedroom is small, one should go with mirror for surface finishing.
If you want your clothes, shoes and accessories to pop out, then glass can be used. Glass reflects more light that is why it lightens & brightens up the space. If you don't want to go with clear glass, you can choose frosted glass and opaque or even tinted glass.
Metal finishes are applied on iron and steel wardrobes to provide aesthetics, reduce the surface roughness and to increase durability. Metal finishes are provided by plating, brushing, polishing, grinding, heat treating and blasting etc.
fabric can also be applied on the wardrobes. Sometimes designers use foam and fabric on wardrobes when they design rooms or spaces for small kids to make these more safe. Except kids room, it can be used anywhere, the results are totally exhilarating.
There are end number of options in materials and finishes, so you can give your wardrobes the look of your choice in your budget.